Fenice Energy

What Does It Cost to Set Up a Solar Power Plant in India?

Discover the investment needed for a solar power plant in India. Learn about the solar panel costs and overall expenses for a clean energy future.

cost of setting up a solar power plant in india

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In India, solar panels are more than just technology. They’re turning the sun’s energy into economic growth. As of March 31, 2024, India’s installed solar capacity will reach an amazing 81.813 GWAC. Foreign investments have also surged, with nearly US$20.7 billion flowing in over the past decade. So, what’s the price of starting a solar power plant in India? And what does that mean for our energy future?

Fenice Energy has been in the clean energy game for over 20 years. They shed light on India’s big plans. For the fiscal year 2023-24, India aims to launch 40 GW tenders for solar projects. Plus, it’s setting up around 42 solar parks. This move makes it easier for solar project developers to get the land they need. Big projects, like the Gujarat Hybrid Renewable Energy Park planning to generate 30 GWAC, show India’s commitment to renewable energy.

At first, India aimed for 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022. However, this goal is expanding. One program is eyeing an extra 40,000 MW of capacity. But how much do solar panels for a power plant in India cost? And what do these numbers say about India’s solar energy plans? Let’s explore the costs of solar energy projects in India and the financial side of solar power.

Key Takeaways

  • India boasts a promising solar installed capacity of 81.813 GWAC as of early 2024.
  • Significant foreign investment has been directed towards India’s solar power projects, signaling robust confidence in the sector.
  • The country is gearing up for a solar leap with tenders for 40 GW of additional solar and hybrid projects.
  • Fenice Energy offers specialized insights into leveraging India’s strategic move to intensify solar park development.
  • Financial schemes and initiatives by the Indian government play a vital role in shaping the economics of solar power plant installation costs in India.
  • Understanding the nuances of the cost involved in establishing solar power plants will be crucial for investors and stakeholders.

The Genesis of Solar Power in India

Knowing the costs to put up a solar power plant in India is key. The village of Modhera shines as a leading light in India’s move to renewable energy. Ashaben Kailashben saw her electricity bill fall from 2,000 rupees to nothing. This shows how solar power can slash daily costs. Similarly, Pingalsinh Karsanbhai saves 3,000 rupees a month, proving the economic perks of embracing solar energy.

The Rise of Solar Energy Adoption

Solar energy is catching on fast across India. The cost to set up solar power plants is becoming cheaper. Data shows that solar projects nationwide are changing how we use energy. Modhera’s solar project, costing about 9.7 million dollars, highlights India’s promise. It is the first village to be net renewable energy positive. This is thanks to a 6-megawatt solar plant, a 15-megawatt battery storage, and 1,300 rooftop panels.

India’s Solar Power Potential and Goals

India’s renewable energy is growing rapidly. The government plans to have 500 GW of renewable capacity by 2030. They also aim for net-zero emissions by 2070. This goal matches with progress in solar technology. Since the first silicon solar cell in 1954, we’ve seen big improvements in efficiency. Thanks to efforts like those at the University of New South Wales. The government boosts this growth with tax perks. For instance, there’s a 40 percent depreciation rebate on solar projects, under Section 32 of the Income-tax Act of 1961.

Resident Pre-Installation Electricity Bill Post-Installation Electricity Bill Monthly Savings
Ashaben Kailashben 2,000 INR 0 INR 2,000 INR
Pingalsinh Karsanbhai 3,000 INR 0 INR 3,000 INR

An Overview of Solar Power Plant Types and Capacities

India is increasing its solar capacity through various solar power plant types. Each type serves different needs and scales. Choosing the right solar power plant is key, especially when considering the budget for solar power plant installation in India. Fenice Energy, with over 20 years of experience, helps individuals and businesses make the best choice.

On-grid solar power plants can feed extra electricity back to the grid. This gives consumers financial credits through net metering. This connection between consumer and grid is key to the economics of solar power.

Fenice Energy sees the value of on-grid systems in boosting India’s energy mix. They push for more net metering policies to help with the budget for solar power plant installation in India.

Off-grid solar systems work independently of the utility grid. They are crucial in places without reliable grid access. But, adding battery storage in off-grid systems raises the initial costs. This is important when planning the budget for solar power plant installation in India.

Hybrid systems offer the best of both on-grid and off-grid systems. They ensure power is always on and used efficiently. These systems are key for a balance between reliability and sustainability.

  • On-grid Systems: Connect to the utility grid and are good for net metering.
  • Off-grid Systems: Work on their own and need battery storage.
  • Hybrid Systems: Mix features of on-grid and off-grid for more options.

Solar capacity in India varies from small home setups to large commercial ones. Fenice Energy creates solar solutions to meet specific needs, ensuring clients get the most from their investment.

Solar power plants in India show the country’s commitment to a sustainable future. They fit the needs of residential, commercial, or industrial use. With Fenice Energy’s help, India moves toward its ambitious solar goals. This continues to spread the promise of renewable energy progress.

The Investment Breakdown: Understanding the cost of setting up a solar power plant in India

Starting a solar power plant in India is more than just setup. It needs careful money planning too. We’ll look into the solar power plant installation cost in India by splitting it into starting costs and ongoing costs.

Initial Solar Investment

How much you need to start a solar power business in India depends on the plant’s type, size, and place. For instance, starting a 1MW plant may need about ₹5.3 crore. This is 34% cheaper than costs between 2014-17. Yet, this cost can change with different locations and logistics.

Remember, solar plants need a lot of land, much more than thermal power plants. This can greatly increase your initial solar investment. Buying land is a big part of the start-up costs.

Ongoing Operational Expenses

After setting up, the operational expenses of solar plants are the next big thing. Keeping solar panels and inverters working well takes up about 60% of the total cost. Solar plants also need special handling due to the changing seasons. They usually work at 20% capacity, unlike thermal plants which have higher efficiency.

Here’s a quick look at the costs of running a solar power plant in India:

Expense Category Details Financial Impact
Maintenance & Repairs Regular upkeep of solar panels and inverters Varies with service providers; constitutes significant annual cost
Land Usage Space requirement based on capacity High initial cost; potential for leasing agreements
Seasonal Variance Changes in production due to weather Requires buffer for loan repayment reserves
Energy Production Fluctuation Annual variance in energy production Generally estimated between 5% to 10% of long-term average
Tariff Adjustments Solar power bid tariffs and PPA rates Competitive bidding has reduced costs; JNNSM feed-in tariffs offer stability

Investors should know the solar power field has big costs. But, Fenice Energy is here to help. With expert advice and sustainable energy solutions, you can keep operational costs down. This ensures a strong solar power system that is good for the planet and brings good returns too.

Components and Technologies: Pricing Breakdown for Solar Infrastructure

There’s a growing demand for renewable energy, putting the spotlight on pricing for solar power plant setup in India. To figure out this cost, it’s essential to know about each part that makes up a solar power plant. India aims to grow its solar energy, adding 14.21 GW of renewable capacity in 2022 alone. This makes understanding the cost of solar infrastructure important for investors.

Solar PV Panels and Their Costs

Fenice Energy has over 20 years of experience and offers various solar photovoltaic (PV) panels. Prices for these panels play a big part in the total solar infrastructure cost. You can choose between monocrystalline and polycrystalline panels. The first type is more efficient but costs a bit more. The price changes based on the panel’s capacity and technology. From only 161 MW in 2010 to an impressive 81,813 MW by 2024, these panels have been key in shaping the solar industry’s pricing.

Solar Photovoltaic Panels Cost

Inverters, Batteries, and Balance of System

The cost isn’t just about the solar photovoltaic panels cost. Inverters are crucial too. They change DC electricity from the panels into AC electricity we can use. While inverters add upfront costs, they save money on energy over time. Batteries are vital for systems that work off-grid or as hybrids, keeping power available after dark. Other parts like protective gear, cables, and boxes also make up a good part of the investment.

Component Function Approximate Cost (INR)
Solar PV Panels Convert sunlight to electricity Varies by capacity
Inverter Converts DC to AC power Depends on the system size
Batteries Energy storage Contingent on storage capacity
Cables and Protections Connectivity and safety Subject to system specifications

To sum up, when figuring out the pricing for solar power plant setup in India, it’s crucial to look at the cost of each part. Fenice Energy works to ensure these components offer both cost efficiency and performance. This helps clients get the most from their solar investment and supports India’s renewable energy goals.

Solar Power Plant: Land Requirements and Associated Costs

For companies entering renewable energy, knowing the land costs for a solar power plant and solar energy project land requirements in India is crucial. The cost and availability of land affect the budget and project’s success. They determine how feasible and big a solar project can be.

Fenice Energy knows that a lot of land is needed. A 1 MW solar plant using Silicon needs about 5 acres. The cost goes up based on the land’s quality and its location.

Planning big solar projects highlights the importance of detailed cost and logistic plans. The Gujarat Hybrid Renewable Energy Park is an example. It will produce 30 GWAC over 726 km². India has set up around 42 solar parks to ease land buying for developers, making it cheaper and simpler.

The Solar Park Scheme in India has given vital support. It helps with money for project reports and meeting goals. This reduces the land costs for solar power plant setups.

Looking at grid-connected solar plants, a 1 kW rooftop system needs only 12 sq. meters. This is much less than ground-mounted projects. It shows the difference in land needed for various types of solar projects.

Rooftop solar, especially from 100 kWp to 500 kWp, gets subsidies. This support highlights India’s commitment to increasing solar power. With 300 sunny days a year, India can use its solar potential well.

At Fenice Energy, the goal is to use land wisely for each solar project. The focus is on getting the most power from the land used, which is around 0.30 kWh per m2 daily.

Project Aspect Details Supporting Data
Typical Land Requirement for 1 MW Plant 4-5 acres Necessary for installing a 1 MW SPV plant with crystalline Silicon technology
Land Cost (per acre) Rs. 5 lakh Ideal land cost estimate per acre in India
Solar Park Scheme’s Initial Capacity Target 20,000 MW Enhanced later to 40,000 MW in March 2017
Central Financial Assistance (CFA) Up to Rs. 25 lakh per park for DPRs
Up to Rs. 20 lakh per MW or 30% of project cost
Assistance for developing internal and external infrastructure
Rooftop Subsidy for Solar Projects (up to 100kWp) Up to 15% subsidy Available from the Central Government through MNRE
India’s Solar Capacity Plan for 2022 100 GW (including 40 GW from rooftop solar) Shortfall of 40,000 MW observed, particularly in the rooftop sector
Annual Solar Energy Incidence on Indian Land About 5,000 trillion kWh Consistent with 300 sunny days per year

India’s journey in solar development, despite the land costs for solar power plant, is inspiring. The country hit its 2022 target early, four years ahead. Embracing renewable energy is key, as Fenice Energy works to extend green energy in India.

Subsidies and Incentives: How They Affect the Total Cost

India’s push for solar energy is majorly boosted by solar power plant subsidies in India and government incentives for solar energy. Fenice Energy, with over two decades in clean energy, sees these financial aids as key. They help spread solar power across India.

The Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme has drawn big investments, both local and global. With INR 24,000 Cr set for solar PV modules, India is now 4th in solar capacity worldwide.

Businesses gain from non-direct aids, like the 40% accelerated depreciation. This lets them write off solar investments faster, reaching their break-even point sooner. Fenice Energy supports these firms in shifting to solar, using such subsidies and incentives.

The PM-KUSUM scheme and the Rooftop Solar Programme show India’s dedication to solar growth. INR 7,327 Cr in the 2023-24 budget boosts the sector. This funding creates around 1 Lakh jobs in solar PV manufacturing.

Government incentives for solar energy

India plans to set up 50 Solar Parks, aiming to add ~38 GW to the grid by 2025-26. These efforts align with reaching 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030 via the International Solar Alliance (ISA). It’s about blending economic progress with caring for the environment.

India’s solar sector aims to reduce the 10% national energy shortfall and meet the growing need for power. In this bright future, solar power plant subsidies in India and government incentives for solar energy are crucial. They’re not just financial aids but essential parts of India’s move to a sustainable, abundant energy future.

Financing Your Solar Power Plant: Options and Strategies

India ranks 4th worldwide in solar power capacity, displaying impressive growth. Solar power financing is crucial for investors and developers. The leap from 21,651 MW to 70,096 MW in five years highlights the booming sector. This growth is driven by lofty clean energy goals and solar manufacturing boosts in India.

Fenice Energy has over 20 years of experience supporting solar energy adoption. It offers tailored investment strategies like the CAPEX and OPEX/PPA models. These models meet different financial needs and ownership preferences.

The CAPEX Model: Upfront Investment Implications

The CAPEX model means investing upfront and gaining immediate ownership, suited for systems under 100kW. This approach fits well with the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme in India. Under Tranche-I, it represents INR 93,041 Cr in investment and is expected to create over 1 lakh jobs.

OPEX/PPA Model: Understanding Third-party Financing

The OPEX/PPA model involves a third party covering upfront costs for plant installation. Businesses then pay less for solar energy under a set agreement. It’s great for avoiding high initial expenses. This method suits investments in the 50 solar parks project, targeting a 38 GW capacity by 2025-26. It reduces financial risks and encourages wider participation.

India needs diverse financing methods to hit its renewable energy goals, like 450 GW by 2030. Fenice Energy aims to provide financing solutions to boost solar power growth. This effort will help India cut carbon emissions by 1 Bn Tonnes by 2030. It also gears up for a significant increase in clean energy investments to meet the 2030 objectives.


The future of solar energy in India looks very bright. The country has reached an installed solar power capacity of 81.813 GWAC by March 31, 2024. This shows India’s strong move towards clean energy. The Indian government plans to add 40 GW of solar and hybrid projects in 2023-24. This plan, alongside nearly US$20.7 billion invested in India’s solar projects between 2010 and 2019, shows a solid strategy for solar power investments.

Fenice Energy leads in offering clean energy solutions that fit India’s growing solar sector. The cost to set up solar projects dropped by about 80% from 2010 to 2018. Now, building a solar power plant in India is easier for more investors and businesses. The country plans nearly 42 solar parks and a large 30 GWAC hybrid park in Gujarat. This marks a major shift towards a sustainable and profitable energy sector.

Fenice Energy’s goals match India’s renewable energy targets. With over twenty years of experience, Fenice Energy provides advanced technology for solar projects. Gujarat is a great example, with an installed capacity of 7,806 MW. The Gujarat Hybrid Renewable Energy Park shows the potential for India’s solar future. India’s significant growth in solar capacity and its strong solar potential offer great opportunities for businesses and investors eager to explore solar energy.


What is the average cost of setting up a solar power plant in India?

Setting up a1 MW solar plant in India costs about Rs 4 to 5 crores. This includes the price of solar panels, inverters, and setup tech.

What factors have contributed to the rise of solar energy adoption in India?

Solar panel costs have dropped, and technology has improved. India’s sunny climate helps too. The government’s push and incentives also boost solar use.

What are the different types of solar power plants, and how do their costs vary?

India has on-grid, off-grid, and hybrid solar plants. On-grid plants are cheaper. Off-grid need batteries, costing more. Hybrids offer a middle ground.

How does initial investment and operational expenses affect the overall cost of a solar power plant?

Starting a solar plant means paying for land, panels, an inverter, and setup. Running it means covering maintenance. These costs affect its overall affordability.

What components are involved in the pricing breakdown for solar power plant infrastructure in India?

The cost involves solar panels, inverters, batteries, and balance of systems. These include cables and safety gear, adding up to the total price.

What are the land requirements and associated costs for setting up a solar power plant in India?

A 1 MW solar plant needs 4 to 5 acres of land. Depending on the locale, land costs about Rs. 5 lakh per acre. Bigger plants will need more land and money.

How do subsidies and incentives affect the total cost of installing a solar power plant in India?

Government subsidies and perks make solar investments cheaper. This encourages businesses to set up solar plants by shortening the payback time.

What are the financing options available for setting up a solar power plant in India?

You can pay upfront (CAPEX model) and own your solar system. Or choose the OPEX/PPA model, where you pay less for power without initial costs, as a third party owns and maintains it.

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