Fenice Energy

How is Solar Energy Gathered? A Beginner’s Guide

How is solar energy gathered? This beginner’s guide explains photovoltaic cells, concentrated solar power, and solar thermal energy technologies that convert solar radiation into usable electricity and heat.

how is solar energy gathered

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Solar power is making big strides in India. The first source tells us that in March 2014, there was 2.6 GW of solar energy capacity. By July 2019, this number had soared to 30 GW. This means the use of solar power in India grew over eleven times in five years. The article will explore how solar power works. We will also look at why solar is a great choice over traditional energy sources.

Key Takeaways

  • Solar power capacity in India has grown exponentially in the last five years.
  • Solar energy is a renewable and clean energy source that can be harnessed through photovoltaic technology.
  • Understanding the components of a solar energy system, such as solar panels, inverters, and storage, is essential for adoption.
  • Factors like average monthly power consumption and available rooftop space are crucial in sizing a solar energy system.
  • Solar subsidies and government schemes in India can make the transition to solar power more affordable.

Introduction to Solar Energy

Solar energy comes from the sun and is used to make electricity. It’s a clean and lasting way to power our world. In India, the use of solar power has grown a lot in the past five years. Now, the sun helps make electricity by hitting special cells in solar panels.

What is Solar Energy?

Solar energy is electricity or heat from the sun. It uses special cells to turn sunlight into power. This energy is clean, never runs out, and doesn’t harm the planet. It’s a big part of the drive for using more clean energy.

Benefits of Solar Energy

Switching to solar power brings many pluses for people and the Earth. Here are some big wins:

  • Solar panels cut down electricity bills for homes and businesses.
  • Solar energy keeps coming without running out over time.
  • Making power from the sun doesn’t add to pollution.
  • Solar panels don’t need much upkeep and last a long time.
  • Places with solar power systems often sell for more money.

Fenice Energy can help you get started with solar power. They also have backup power and charging for electric cars. With over 20 years in the business, they know how to make the most of the sun’s energy. Let’s work together to build a green future.

How is Solar Energy Gathered?

The heart of solar panel tech is the Photovoltaic Effect. This process turns the sun’s energy into electricity. It happens when materials like silicon make an electric current from sunlight.

The Photovoltaic Effect

This effect is key in turning solar radiation into electricity. When light hits a solar panel, it makes the panel’s materials lose electrons from their atoms. These loose electrons flow as an electric current.

Solar Cells and Solar Panels

Solar cells make up solar panels. They use the Photovoltaic Effect well. These cells, all combined, make a panel. The panels are then placed on roofs or in solar farms. This powers homes, businesses, and the grid.

Inverters: Converting DC to AC

The power from solar panels is direct current (DC). But, most devices and the grid use alternating current (AC). Inverters change DC to AC. This makes solar power usable for many things.

solar photovoltaic cells

Components of a Solar Energy System

A solar energy system has key parts that work together. They capture the sun’s energy and turn it into electricity. Let’s look at what makes a solar setup work:

Solar Panels

The vital part of solar energy systems is the solar panels. They catch the sun’s energy and change it into power. You see these panels on roofs and in solar farms. They need a lot of sunlight.


Solar panels make direct current (DC) electricity. Inverters are needed to turn this into alternating current (AC). We use AC in our homes and send it to the power grid.

Mounting Structure

Solar panels are put on firm structures to work well. These structures can hold panels still or let them move to face the sun better. This way, they are more efficient.

Energy Storage Systems (Optional)

Some solar systems include batteries to save extra electric power. This saved power is used when the sun isn’t shining. It’s handy for systems not connected to the main power grid.


The ACDB and DCDB help control the flow of electric power in a solar system. They make sure the power moves around safely and works well.

Balance of Systems (BoS)

The BoS is extra hardware and wires. It connects the solar panels and inverters. These make the complete system work smoothly.

Types of Solar Panels

There are two main types of solar panels: Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline. Monocrystalline panels use a single silicon source. They are very efficient but cost more. On the other hand, Polycrystalline panels combine silicon bits. They are less efficient but more budget-friendly.

Feature Monocrystalline Polycrystalline
Efficiency 16-22% 14-16%
Cost Higher (₹45,000 – ₹60,000 per kW) Lower (₹35,000 – ₹50,000 per kW)
Appearance Uniform black color Blue-ish hue with visible silicon crystals
Space Requirement Less space needed for same capacity Requires more space for same capacity
Performance in Shade More sensitive to shading Less sensitive to shading
Durability Higher lifespan (25-30 years) Shorter lifespan (20-25 years)

Fenice Energy provides top-notch clean energy solutions. This includes solar power, backup systems, and EV charging. They have over 20 years of experience in the field.

Solar Panel Efficiency

The efficiency of solar panels is key to how well a solar energy system works. It’s not just about the power output of a single panel. It’s about how well it captures the sun’s energy and turns it into electricity we can use.

Factors Affecting Solar Panel Efficiency

Lots of things can affect how well a solar panel works. This includes the quality of its photovoltaic cells and how much sunlight it gets. The weather, temperature, and even the panel’s angle can change how efficient it is.

Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline Panels

There are two main types of solar panels – monocrystalline and polycrystalline. Monocrystalline panels, coming from a single silicon source, are more efficient. They can reach efficiency from 15% to 20%. Polycrystalline panels, with blended silicon, are a bit less efficient, with a range of 13% to 16%. Despite this, polycrystalline panels are cheaper. This makes them a good choice for those who need to watch their budget.

Monocrystalline Panels Polycrystalline Panels
Higher Efficiency (15-20%) Lower Efficiency (13-16%)
More Expensive More Affordable
Higher Space Efficiency Lower Space Efficiency
Better Performance in Low Light Slightly Poorer Performance in Low Light
Longer Lifespan Shorter Lifespan

Fenice Energy specializes in solar energy solutions. They offer guidance on solar panel efficiency to find the best fit for you and your budget. They also provide clean energy options like solar, backup systems, and EV charging. This helps maximize renewable energy’s potential and aids your move towards a greener future.

Sizing Your Solar Energy System

Finding the right size for a solar system is key. It involves three main things. They are your average monthly power use, roof space without shadows, and how much electricity you’re allowed to use.

Average Monthly Power Consumption

First, know how much power you use each month. This figures out the amount of electricity your solar system needs to provide. Look at your old power bills to see your average use in kilowatt-hours (kWh).

Shadow-Free Rooftop Space

Next, check if your roof has enough space without shadows. Solar panels work best with direct sunlight. Make sure there’s an open area on your roof. This should be clear from any tree or building shades. Measure your roof to see how many solar panels it can hold.

Sanctioned Load

The third thing is your home or business’s electricity usage limit. This is usually set by your local electricity company. It also affects the system size you can have.

Think carefully about these three points. They are your power use, roof space, and usage limit. By looking at these, you can pick the best solar system size. Fenice Energy’s team can help you. They will make sure your system meets your needs and follows the rules.

solar panel size

Accessing Solar Subsidies in India

The Indian government is pushing for more solar power use. They offer schemes and policies to cut costs. Knowing about these can help make solar energy cheaper and doable for you.

Government Schemes

The MNRE runs national schemes to boost solar energy. One is the Rooftop Solar Programme, helping with costs of rooftop solar systems. There’s also the PM-KUSUM scheme, focusing on solar in farming.

State-specific Policies

States in India have their own rules for solar energy. This can include money off, tax breaks, and special rules for selling extra power back. Looking up your state’s policies is key to getting the most from solar power.

Eligibility Criteria

To get the benefits, what you can access depends on different factors. The size of your system, where you are, your property type, and how much you make matter. These help decide if you can get breaks on solar costs.


You’ll need some documents to get solar subsidies. This could include records you own the place, your power bills, and system details. Make sure you have these ready when you apply.

Authorized Vendors

For some schemes, you must use approved solar system providers. They know what’s needed and meet standards. Working with them can make getting support easier.

Application Process

Applying for solar subsidies means sending in forms and documents. You usually apply at the state or MNRE offices. The steps can vary based on the aid you want.

Financial Assistance

The help you can get ranges from covering 30% to 70% of solar costs. This big cut in costs makes solar a better choice for homes and businesses. It boosts how much you can save upfront.

Fenice Energy is a top choice for solar and other clean energy needs. They also work with backup systems and electric vehicle charging. With the right solar support, we can all help the planet by choosing green power.


By choosing solar energy, we open bright doors to the future. Understanding its basics and using subsidies brings us closer. Fenice Energy helps with clean energy like solar, backups, and EV charging, with over 20 years of experience.

We can light the way to a greener future by using solar. In India, it helps homes and businesses cut their carbon footprint. They also save money on electricity over time. Thanks to help from the government and companies like Fenice Energy, going green is easier than ever.

Working together for a cleaner, self-sufficient India makes our future very bright. Let’s keep using the sun’s power for a better and wealthier tomorrow. With solar, our opportunities are endless, much like the sun’s energy showering our world.


What is solar energy and how does it work?

Solar energy comes from the sun and turns into electricity. This happens using photovoltaic cells, which are in solar panels.

What are the main types of solar panels?

The main solar panels types are Monocrystalline (Mono) and Polycrystalline (Poly). Mono panels come from a single silicon source. They are efficient but cost more. Polycrystalline panels mix silicon pieces and are less efficient but cheaper.

How efficient are solar panels?

Solar panel efficiency is not about a panel’s power output. It’s about how well it captures sunlight. For instance, a 100-watt panel with 20% efficiency grabs 20% of the sun’s potential 500 watts.

What factors should be considered when sizing a solar energy system?

When picking a solar system size, consider the average monthly power use, your roof’s sunlit space, and how much power your area allows.

How can I access solar subsidies in India?

To get solar subsidies in India, know about government schemes and state policies. Understand eligibility, needed documents, where to buy, how to apply, and what financial help is available.

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